This Is Why Cities Have Uncomfortable Benches Everywhere

Cities all across the world are filled with uncomfortable benches that are actually created to be uncomfortable. Most of these benches are made with armrests and uncomfortable material because designers say that benches aren’t intended to be yours forever. This type of architecture and urban planning is known as defensive design, which focuses on moderating behavior to limit the ways an object can be misused. Defensive design creates benches as resting places to sit on, while also preventing people from getting too comfortable by utilizing armrests and short back rests. This worldwide trend isn’t seen just in city benches, because defensive design is used all over cities.

When you start looking for defensive design in New York City, you’ll find examples everywhere. Security cameras, turnstiles, random knobs, streetlights, and even sprinklers are all designed to protect public property from being damaged by users. Streetlights are actually the most recognizable defensive design because when they were first created, more people spent time outside at night, which drove economic development and a reduction in crime. These lights prove that defensive design helps prevent crime and damage to public property, even though many characterize it as “hostile”.  


Nowadays, would your parents still be upset if they caught you consuming cannabis? Parents these days have much more progressive opinions on cannabis, and perhaps if they caught their kids consuming, they wouldn't necessarily punish them. While some parents still want their children to wait until the legal age to consume (if they choose to do so, at all), others don't believe it would be the end of the world if they "caught" their kids smoking pot earlier than that.

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