Amsterdam is known for its famous “coffeeshops” where customers can purchase and consume cannabis for their own personal use. For this reason, the capital and the Netherlands as a whole have a history with the drug, which can be traced back to 1953. This is when the Opium Act was amended to include cannabis on the list of drugs facing criminal offenses. Dutch authorities had initially responded repressively, due to the increase of psychoactive drugs in the 1960s, but they soon evolved when amending the Opium Act again in 1976, which launched the national policy of tolerance for small scale marijuana use.
In 1976, the Dutch government amended the Opium Act to distinguish between drugs lists, those that present "an unacceptable risk (heroin, cocaine