Indica and sativa are the two most important cannabis genes, which have their own characteristics, origin, composition, growth, appearance, and effects. Both types of cannabis have very different effects on the human brain, which is why most consumers typically indicate whether they smoke indica or sativa before consuming. Indica helps with mental relaxation, anxiety, and stress which usually creates a slowing down “stoned” effect that puts users to sleep. Sativa is the exact opposite because it promotes brain activity, which creates a high cerebral and stimulating energizing effect. When consumers smoke an indica or sativa it’s easy to identify the two, but there are other physical characteristics that differentiate the two cannabis genes.

Indica and sativa vary in their size and appearance, while hybrids combine the physical features of both cannabis genes. Sativas grow like trees with longer branches and skinnier leaves, which can grow up to five meters tall under ideal outdoor conditions. Another noticeable difference between the two cannabis genes is the color of their leaves. Sativa plants grow leaves that are lighter in color while indica leaves are generally dark greens. The indica leaves are also fatter and shorter than those on sativa, making it easy to distinguish between the two.