While Ohio has yet to legalize the recreational use of cannabis, the state has taken strides in the right direction. In 2016, four communities in Ohio (Newark in Licking County, Bellaire I Belmont Count, Logan in Hocking County and Roseville on the border of Perry and Muskingum county) made a major shift when the harsh penalties for marijuana possession were reduced to none. The powerful measure decriminalized the possession of up to 200 grams with no jail times of fines for those persecuted. According to Toledo Law Director Adam Loukx “No one’s called to say the schools have been overrun with pot-fiending hippies, but I don’t think there’s been a mass movement toward us of marijuana that’s any different than before the ordinance was adopted.”
The decriminalization comes on the heels of the state wide legalization of medicinal cannabis in Ohio that allows those with qualifying conditions to access cannabis as a treatment option. In order to qualify for medicinal cannabis treatment patients must be diagnosed with one of the following conditions: Acquired immune deficiency syndrome, Alzheimer’s disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, cancer, chronic traumatic encephalopathy, Crohn’s disease, epilepsy or other seizure disorders, fibromyalgia, glaucoma, hepatitis C, inflammatory bowel disease, multiple sclerosis, chronic severe or intractable pain, Parkinson’s disease, HIV, post-traumatic stress disorder, sickle cell anemia, spinal cord disease or injury, Tourette’s syndrome, traumatic brain injury, and ulcerative colitis.
In order to legally be diagnosed with a qualifying condition, patients must be diagnosed by a state registered physician who has been treating the patient for a minimum of 6 months. Patients have yet to be designated specific patient possession limits, however cannabis products may be dispensed in the form of oils, tinctures, edibles, patches, or herbal material.