New Hampshire goes down in history for becoming the first U.S state to vote in favor of legalizing marijuana for recreational use. While the Senate may have killed the 2014 bill to legalize recreational cannabis use, the state may be approving the recreational use within New Hampshire in 2017. Due to the passing of recreational marijuana laws in Massachusetts and Maine, it is only a matter of time before New Hampshire joins the ranks of US states fully embracing the legalization of all marijuana use. However, even if the bill does pass in 2017, measures to put the law into effect would not occur until 2019 or 2020.

While the concept of recreational cannabis use is still under review, the use of medicinal cannabis has been permitted within the state since 2013. Currently, card-carrying residents are permitted to legally purchase cannabis at registered dispensaries within the state. Patients must be suffering from one or more of the specific conditions stated by the New Hampshire Department of Health. Once approved, card-carrying patients are able to possess up to two ounces of cannabis, but are not allowed to cultivate cannabis within their home. Currently, patients are required to choose one ATC "Alternative Treatment Centers" and are not permitted to purchase medicine from any other ATC in the state. There are currently only four Alternative Treatment Centers within the state of New Hampshire.

Any amount of cannabis purchased within the state of New Hampshire is required to stay within the state lines. Attempting to take cannabis outside of the state of New Hampshire could be viewed and prosecuted as a felony and could result in jail time. It is also important to remember that the public consumption of cannabis is prohibited, as well as driving under the influence of cannabis.