As of November 2016, the state of Arkansas joined a number of US states by legalizing the use of medical marijuana. The law, formerly known as Issue 6, allows residents with qualifying conditions to purchase and use cannabis for medicinal purposes. While the law finally allows thousands of patients to receive much-needed treatment, the program does not come without its own set of rules and regulations.

Residents are only permitted to acquire a medical cannabis card if they have been diagnosed with one of the qualifying conditions by a licensed physician. The amount of cannabis patients are allowed to possess is dependent upon the amount recommended by their licensed physician. However, patients are not permitted to cultivate cannabis plants within their home. Cannabis cards are only available to residents, and no amount of cannabis, medicinal or otherwise, is permitted to be taken outside of Arkansas state borders. Patients are also permitted from driving while under the influence of cannabis and can be charged with a DUI for doing so.

The new medicinal cannabis laws do not protect patients from testing and qualifications. For example, employers still reserve the right to hold drug tests and terminate those who do not pass. Landlords are also allowed to ban the use of marijuana from their residence despite the renter holding a medical marijuana card.