One of the oldest cannabis products are tinctures -- alcohol-based cannabis extracts that can be made from marijuana flowers, trimmings, kief, or hash. The liquid tincture can be taken either under the tongue (sublingually), where it reaches one's blood supply quickly and takes effect in 15-45 minutes, or swallowed (alone or with food/drink), where it's absorbed through the digestive system and takes effect in 45-120 minutes.

Sometimes people call cannabis tinctures the green dragon or golden dragon, and they are great for first-time users or those looking for a smokeless consumption option. Here we offer an easy way to make a great tincture yourself using 1-1.5 ounces of cannabis and a pint (500 ml) of alcohol, just remember that the potency of your tincture will depend on the cannabinoid density found in the marijuana strain you use; good luck and enjoy!

1. Remove stems, seeds, and trimmings from your cannabis flowers.

2. Decarboxylate your flowers by warming them in a 250-325° oven for 20-30 minutes.

3. Grind your flowers with a blender or coffee grinder to a fine consistency, but not until they are pulverized to a powder.

4. Put your ground cannabis in a sterilized quart-size mason jar with a pint of high-proof (at least 80 proof) alcohol. We recommend Everclear or vodka, but recipes on the internet exist using everything from rum to brandy, so the choice is yours.

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5. Seal the lid tightly and vigorously shake the mixture. Then put your mason jar in a cool, dry place (some find space in the refrigerator or freezer) to sit for a few days or a few weeks – the choice is yours – and remove the jar to shake it once or twice a day. This draws cannabinoids from the marijuana into the alcohol, and some claim that stronger liquors do this faster than weaker ones.

6. Strain the plant matter from the alcohol using cheese cloth or coffee filters as you pour your tincture into a clean glass container. Squeeze the plant matter in the cheesecloth or coffee filter to strain as much of the alcohol as possible, and a funnel helps fill containers with narrow openings.

7. Put the tincture you made in a cool, dark place out of direct sunlight and you can store it for several years. Start with a small dose (1 ml) to test the potency, increase until you find an amount that works for you, and then use as you please!